The Evidence Base

Since MiSP was formed in 2007, a number of studies have been conducted on the effects of its programmes on pupils and teachers. Most of these studies are small and do not have long term follow-ups, but they indicate that the programmes are acceptable and that they have potential to improve psychological wellbeing and attention. Studies have measured changes using self-reported scores on questionnaires, computer-based attention tests, and neurological tests, and have compared the results to “control groups” who complete the tests at the same times but do not taken part in the courses. Some indicate that regular practice may be related to benefits, although this relies on self-report.

Published Papers on Mindfulness

Published papers on mindfulness for young people generally

Published papers on mindfulness for school staff


Published Papers on Implementing Mindfulness in Schools

The Paws .b Curriculum

The .b Curriculum

The .b Foundations curriculum

MiSP uses an online tool to measure the impact of .b and Paws b for pupils and staff in the classroom. Since then 406 teachers and 10,087 pupils have given their feedback on the impact these curricula have had in their lives.

Teachers and pupils in schools nationwide are completing online questionnaires within one month of the last lesson of the course. They report on how much they enjoyed the course and how useful they had found it as well as indicating specific areas of impact such as coping with difficulty, concentration, exams, sleep and noticing more of the ‘good stuff’ in life.

The service was set up so that MiSP could provide members of our Teachers network with a Class Impact Presentation, a useful individual class summary for senior leadership teams, parents, pupils and the teachers themselves. We have now begun to collate the data across all schools and are happy to be able to share some of the wonderful feedback that we have received.

As more data comes in every day the summary of impact that follows will be regularly updated.

Paws b

We hope the case studies from schools who have generously shared their experiences of mindfulness from both a personal and professional perspective will be of huge benefit to those just starting out on their mindfulness journeys or looking for inspiration in trying to introduce or embed mindful in their schools.

PRIMARY CASE STUDY: The Dell Primary School

PUPIL REFERRAL UNIT CASE STUDY: Dacorum Education Support Centre

PRIMARY CASE STUDY: Llwyncrwn School, Pontypridd


PRIMARY & SECONDARY CASE STUDY: St Conleth’s College, Dublin

SECONDARY CASE STUDY: Raise The Youth in Manchester

PRIMARY CASE STUDY: Independent Teacher in the Pennines Region

PRIMARY CASE STUDY: Independent Teacher in Liverpool & East Lancs

UNIVERSITY CASE STUDY: Technological University Dublin

SEN CASE STUDY: Lever Park Special School, Bolton


SECONDARY CASE STUDY: The King’s School, Devon


PRIMARY CASE STUDY: Solihull Junior School, West Midlands

SECONDARY CASE STUDY: The Gryphon School, Dorset

PRIMARY CASE STUDY: English Martyrs Primary School, Liverpool

Time for new thinking about mindfulness and social change – Jamie Bristow

"I was working for the climate change campaign 10:10 around the time that NGOs in the environmental field were abandoning the “information deficit hypothesis” - the idea that giving people enough facts about the worsening ecological crisis would elicit action. Reflecting on what had driven my own shift from a career in advertising to full-time dedication to this cause, I felt sure that the greater stillness and sensitivity I’d developed through mindfulness practice had been instrumental in allowing the data I’d heard many times before to ‘land’ very differently. Faced with the confusion that existed in the climate movement at the time, I left to focus on sharing trainable qualities of awareness like mindfulness, and investigating the ways in which they shape our behaviour, and therefore, our world ... ... "

Building the Case for Mindfulness in the Workplace – The Mindfulness Initiative

This publication is primarily intended as a resource for those developing a business case for mindfulness training within their own organisation. It provides an updated summary of the research evidence, narrative rationales addressing different organisational needs, case studies and a range of toolkits to help with programme planning, implementation and evaluation.

Mindful Nation UK – Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group (MAPPG)

This report is the culmination of over a year of research and inquiry including eight hearings in Parliament when members of the Mindfulness All-Party Parliamentary Group were able to hear first-hand and question some of those who have experienced the transformational impacts of mindfulness.

The link between pupil health and wellbeing and attainment – Public Health England

This briefing offers head teachers, governors and school staff a summary of the key evidence that highlights the link between health and wellbeing and educational attainment. It underlines the value for schools of promoting health and wellbeing as an integral part of a school effectiveness strategy, and highlights the important contribution of a whole-school approach

Forward by Jon Kabat-Zinn from The Way of Mindful Education by Daniel Rechtschaffen

In December of 2013, Chris Ruane, a Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom, and for many years a classroom teacher in Wales, gave a powerful and compelling speech in Parliament addressed directly to the Minister of Education sitting before him in the chamber. The speech, which he entitled Mindfulness in Education, aimed to make the case for why the efforts in the UK to bring mindfulness into primary and secondary education is so important, and why all classroom teachers should be offered the opportunity to receive quality training in mindfulness. He singled out a number of programs as exemplars, including what is called the “.b” program, a curriculum developed by Mindfulness in Schools, the work of two secondary school teachers, Chris Cullen and Richard Burnett. They have developed imaginative and highly popular approaches for teaching mindfulness in elementary and secondary schools in the UK. Their group has a research program linked to the Oxford University Centre for Mindfulness. It is one of a number of inspiring mindfulness programs that Daniel Rechtschaffen describes. There are many others, both at home and abroad.If you are a teacher, or an educator, or involved in school administration and curriculum development, the book you hold in your hands has the potential to transform your life, the lives of your students, and the life of the school itself, as well as education in America. I welcome its timely publication. May it be a useful and valuable resource for all teachers who wish to optimize both inner and outer learning and to nurture the unique potential and beauty of each of their students.


Staff and children share their experience of mindfulness and .b

Normally I get anxious … and then it gets bigger." A child’s views on mindfulness.

Richard Burnett, co-founder of .b, guides us through a short mindfulness meditation.

Emily, a teenage survivor of the Manchester bombing, talks about how mindfulness helps her.

Amy Footman, Head of School, Stanley Grove Primary Academy, and Paws b teacher trainer on BBC Breakfast.